What Should You Know About Root Canal Treatment?
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What is Dental Pulp?

The dental pulp is the soft tissue that contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. The dental pulp lies in the pulp chamber and root canals of the tooth. In root canal treatment, pulp along with its nerve supply is removed.   

However, a tooth’s nerve is not vitally important to a tooth’s health and function. Its only function is sensory i.e. to provide the sensation of heat or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not affect the day-to-day functioning of the tooth. However, after treatment, the tooth is less viable and more susceptible to fracture.

What Should You Know About Root Canal Treatment?

What Should You Know About Root Canal Treatment?

Why Does Pulp Need to be Removed?

When the pulp is damaged, it disintegrates, and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. The bacteria and other dying pulp remnants can cause inflammation and lead to the formation of an abscess. 

In addition to an abscess, the following complications can also occur:

  • Swelling that may spread to other areas of the face, neck, or head.
  • Bone loss around the tooth root.
  • Chronic into the gums or through the cheek into the skin.

The pulp can get infected, inflamed or injured due to a variety of reasons like deep decay, repeated dental procedures, chip or crack in the tooth. 

Thus, root canal treatment removes this diseased pulp, carefully cleans and shapes the inside of the root canal, then fills and seals the space. After this, the dentist will place the crown restoration to protect and restore the tooth to full function.

What is Root Canal Treatment? How will it Help?

What Should You Know About Root Canal Treatment?

“Endo” is the Greek word for “inside” and “odont” is Greek for “tooth.” Endodontic Treatment treats the inside of the tooth. Root canal treatment is one type of endodontic treatment.

Root Canal Treatment is a dental procedure that involves the removal of infected pulp from the carious tooth and the inside of the tooth is then cleaned and replaced with rubber-like gutta-percha. Root Canal Treatment will help to treat deep decay, a faulty crown, repeated dental procedures on a tooth and crack in the tooth.

Also Read: Will a Past Root Canal Procedure Affect Dental Implants in Any Way?

Root Canal Treatment Explained

To understand root canal treatment, one must understand the anatomy of the tooth. Outer white enamel encloses a hard layer called dentin and soft tissue pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. 

A root canal treated tooth can survive without the pulp because the tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it.

The dentist starts by administering local anesthesia to numb the tooth. After that, the dentist might isolate the affected tooth with a rubber dam or cotton rolls to keep it clean and dry during the procedure. 

Then, a dental handpiece will be used to gain access to the inside of the tooth. A series of files are used to clear the pulp debris and shape the canals. 

 Along with it, irrigation will be done to wash away any remaining pulp. An antimicrobial solution is also used to kill any remaining bacteria and reduce the risk of further infection. 

The canals are then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. The opening in the tooth may be closed with a filling, while you wait for the permanent crown.

After a week, the dentist will finish the treatment by placing a permanent crown or similar type of restoration.

How many visits does a root canal treatment take?

Most root canal treatments can be done in 2 – 3 appointments. Single visit root canal treatments can also be done. 

The first appointment is the procedure itself when the infected pulp is removed. The second (and maybe third) appointment is when the root canal gets cleaned and filled with a crown or other filling to prevent infections. Each appointment lasts around 90 minutes each.

Is it better to have a root canal or extraction?

It is always better to preserve the natural tooth and natural smile whenever possible. Root canals allow that. Extracting and then replacing a tooth results in more treatments and procedures and could even impact neighboring teeth and supporting gums.

After the Root Canal Treatment

The tooth may feel sensitive for the first few days after treatment, especially if there was pain or infection before the procedure. There can be transient discomfort, which can be relieved with over-the-counter prescription medications. 

The treated tooth can feel different from other teeth for some time after the treatment. However, if there is severe pain or pressure, visit the dentist. 

Also, consume soft food after root canal treatment. Avoid hard or hot foods that might hurt your teeth. It is suggested to not eat for a few hours until the numbness in your mouth wears off so that you don’t bite your cheek or tongue.

So This was it for today. I hope you have found this post helpful.

Have a Good Day! 😇

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