The Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat Them
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We often get confused with the difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation. Both hyperpigmentation and melasma are some of the most prominent skin conditions, usually caused by acne scarring, sun damage, or other forms of inflammation. Although the similarities between these two conditions might be confusing, there are key differences that could be crucial for proper treatment.

So, here is a definitive breakdown of the two skin conditions and how to treat them.

The Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat Them

The Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat Them

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Talking about the Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation, Hyperpigmentation is a very broad term that can refer to any issue where the skin, in some patches, has become darkened (from the rest of your face) or discolored. Brought on by external factors, most commonly sun exposure, hyperpigmentation usually occurs when harmful UV rays reach your skin and trigger the production of melanin, resulting in visible dark patches or spots on the surface of the skin. 

These discolored spots can develop in all shapes, sizes, and densities, and they can affect all skin types, tones, and ethnicities. If it is not directly caused by sun rays, hyperpigmentation can also occur due to skin trauma, such as post-blemish scarring, and cuts and scrapes that break the skin, as well as the use of topical treatments that might be too harsh or intensive for a specific skin type. 

Although the severity of this issue varies, it is always best to consult a doctor as soon as any discoloration appears on your skin that wasn’t there before.

What is Melasma?

While hyperpigmentation is caused by external factors, melasma usually develops because of internal changes and is much more commonly seen in women, especially those with deeper skin tones. The Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation can be confusing sometimes.

The Difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat Them

The difference between Melasma and Hyperpigmentation is the crucial role estrogen plays, as the increased production of this hormone leads to a surge of melanin production, resulting in the development of large, darkened patches on the skin, which usually appear on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin and upper lip, in a nearly symmetrical pattern.

This hormonal change can occur due to a number of reasons, from pregnancy to a new type of medication or contraception being ingested by the body.   

However, one thing is certain and that is the fact that two important factors contribute to the spread of melasma – heat and visible light, as many people with this condition say their melasma often worsens during the summer and improves in the winter.   

Due to this, melasma is more complicated to treat than most forms of hyperpigmentation and therefore requires a more extensive treatment approach.  

How to Treat – Treatments and Remedies

Even though most treatments for these skin conditions are the same, melasma has proved to be much more difficult to get rid of. 

If you are wondering How to Treat Hyperpigmentation, traditional hyperpigmentation responds very well to a variety of DIY treatments and over the counter products designed for treating brown spots, which is why you should look for serums, masks, and moisturizers containing glycolic acid, AHAs, or vitamin C, all of which are very effective at treating stubborn brown spots due to their brightening properties. 

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While these remedies can also be used to treat melasma, this condition may need additional in-clinic treatment, such as lasers and chemical peels, which help rid the skin of clusters of melanin it isn’t able to break down by itself.

When it comes to Hyperpigmentation Treatment or Melasma Treatment, it is also important to note that neither of these skin conditions can be prevented or effectively treated without the regular use of sunscreen.    Even though melasma is caused by hormonal factors, UV rays are still responsible for magnifying the condition, which is why it is recommended to apply SPF 30 or higher every two hours whenever your skin is exposed to the sun.   

Hyperpigmentation and melasma can happen, but with the proper precautions, these skin conditions can likely be avoided.

Summing Up

All that being said, it’s important to keep in mind that everyone has a unique experience, and what might work for one person might not necessarily have the same results in another.   

So, whether you have melasma or stubborn hyperpigmentation, make sure to talk with your dermatologist first to get an accurate diagnosis and find a treatment that works best for your skin.  

This was it for today. I hope you have found this post helpful. 

Have a Good Day! 😇

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